Diseases of the nasal cavity of purulent-inflammatory nature require special treatment. In otolaryngological practice, the appointment of various combined drugs. These include complex ointment for the nose.
In the production of pharmaceutical companies such a tool in the final version is not available.
It is made in a pharmacy, mixing various components, which take individual medicines. The mixture of components of medicinal substances, combined in a certain ratio, ensures the achievement of the maximum effect.
Complex ointment is most often used to treat sinusitis, frontitis, sinusitis.
Composition and properties
The antibacterial component is the main component of a complex ointment in the nose. Without this component it is impossible to cope with the diseases for which treatment it is intended.
This tool can be used to treat pregnant women and children, despite the presence in the composition of the antibiotic, as it is a safer option compared with similar drugs of systemic action.
In the classical version, the composition of a complex ointment for the nose is as follows:
- Levometicin. It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, and is active against a variety of pathogenic microorganisms that can cause infectious and inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx.
- Diphenhydramine It has an antihistamine effect, eliminates swelling of the nasal mucosa.
- Novocaine. It is used as an anesthetic substance of local action.
- Vaseline. Used to moisturize the nasal mucosa.
- Menthol. Eliminates nasal congestion.
Complex ointment in the nose may have a different composition. For example, if a patient has an individual intolerance to Levometicin, then you can replace it with a macrolide antibiotic, Erythromycin. A complex ointment in the nose, including such components as:
- erythromycin – has antibacterial action
- lidocaine – eliminates soreness inside the nose
- petrolatum – moisturizes the mucous
- lanolin – has a softening effect
- Menthol – provides free breathing.
The presence of Dimedrol should not be embarrassing, since its dose is adjusted in such a way as to avoid any side effects. Therefore, it is considered safe and can be used for children, except in cases where the patient has an individual intolerance to this component.
There is a recipe with the inclusion of silver elements, in particular, Protargol. It has a pronounced antimicrobial effect and reduces the signs of inflammation.
Streptocid is added to the ointment containing Protargol.
Combined therapy of purulent diseases of the nasal cavity, namely, sinusitis, often includes an ointment according to Simanovsky’s prescription. This tool has an active anti-inflammatory action.
The drug has a multi-component composition and includes lanolin, menthol, liquid paraffin, cocaine hydrochloride and zinc oxide. The last 2 substances have antiseptic properties.
Simanovsky ointment removes nasal congestion and relieves pain.
The use of complex ointment helps to eliminate nasal congestion and swelling, facilitates nasal breathing, reduces the severity of inflammation. If you correctly select and use such an ointment in the treatment of diseases of the nasopharynx, surgery can be avoided.
Due to its effectiveness, the tool has positive feedback from those who have used it.
How to apply?
Single instructions for the use of complex ointment for the nose does not exist, since it is not available as a separate drug. The doctor who prescribed this treatment will acquaint the patient with the features and general recommendations for its use.
The ointment is applied by introducing turunda into the nasal passages.
Before you proceed directly to the use of ointment, it is necessary to release the nasal passages from the accumulated mucus. To do this, the nose is washed with a disinfectant solution, suitable saline solution, Furacilin, herbal decoctions.
Then it is recommended to drip the nose with a vasoconstrictor. Turunda from sterile cotton wool is abundantly dipped in ointment and injected into each nostril.
The duration of the treatment procedure depends on the age of the patient and the symptoms of the disease. It is important to observe such a condition that when the turunds are in the nostrils, the patient must breathe through the mouth. At the end of the procedure, you can blow your nose, but gently, without diligence.
Turunds are usually held in the nasal passages for about 20 minutes.
In rare cases, adverse reactions may occur after using the ointment. They appear at the site of application of the drug:
- nose bleed.
Such symptoms often occur in persons prone to allergic manifestations. If the patient has the above symptoms, it is recommended to discontinue the use of this tool.
It is advisable to carry out an allergic test before the first use: a small amount of the product is applied to the skin in the inner part of the hand and a local reaction is observed within a few hours.
If there is no itching, peeling or redness, then you can use the ointment for treatment. Complex ointment can be combined with taking other medications, it has no effect on their actions.
For the treatment of children, this tool is allowed to be used only as prescribed by a doctor.