Almost all colds can not do without the appearance of cough. This is due to the fact that the inflammatory process affects the respiratory system. Coughing causes significant discomfort to the person and requires the adoption of therapeutic measures impact.
For this purpose, it is necessary to select a cough syrup according to the nature of this symptom – dry or wet.
In this regard, the patient must contact a qualified specialist to receive appointments. It is very undesirable to approach the choice of medicinal cough syrup on their own, since the composition of some of them is far from harmless and can only aggravate the patient’s condition.
Syrups in the treatment of cough
It is impossible to determine which cough syrup is better, each of them has its own effect. It must be selected in accordance with the cough, age and state of health of the patient. Depending on the effect, all cough syrups for adults and children are divided into 3 groups:
- contributing to expectoration
- sputum or mucolytics
- antitussive – depressing cough reflex.
With a dry, painful and agonizing cough, which disrupts the person’s appetite and sleep, protivokashlevye medicines are appointed. If a disease of the respiratory tract is accompanied by unproductive, but not disruptive human cough, expectorant drugs will help.
In the case when a viscous and thick sputum is formed, and it is difficult to leave, mucolytic drugs are prescribed. The medicine in the form of a syrup has an advantage over the tablet form of the drug.
Unlike tablets, syrup is easier to swallow, especially for small children.
If the patient has diseases of the stomach, then in this case it is better to choose the liquid form of the medication, since its absorption time is much shorter. In addition, this form has a pleasant taste and is easy to use.
It is also important that the liquid form of the drug has fewer side effects.
Expectorant and mucolytic drugs
Expectorant syrups are not aimed at eliminating cough and do not affect the consistency and viscosity of the sputum formed. They speed up coughing and sputum production in a natural way.
For drugs that improve the discharge of sputum, is Tussin. It contains guaifenesin, which stimulates the secretory cells in the bronchi, which facilitates the release of sputum and translates dry cough into a productive form.
It is allowed for use from the age of 2 years. It is not recommended to receive it in case of excessive sputum and a wet cough.
It is contraindicated in patients with peptic ulcer and bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. Individual intolerance to the components of the drug also belongs to the category of contraindications.
The syrup instruction indicates that it is undesirable to take Tussin at the same time as other mucolytic drugs. Similar in effect and composition is Coldrex Broncho Syrup.
Mucolytic drugs are prescribed with a dry cough so that it goes into a productive, moist form. Their effectiveness is increased when combined with bronchodilator drugs.
Mucolytics actively contribute to the dilution of sputum by increasing its volume.
At the same time, the formed sputum does not stick to the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract. All mucolytic syrups have an anti-inflammatory effect.
At their reception it is recommended to increase the amount of fluid consumed. The use of mucolytics and expectorant drugs can not be combined with means of antitussive action.
The following preparations belong to syrups of mucolytic action:
Vicks Active is a mucolytic agent, which contains the active ingredient Ambroxol. It is inexpensive, but very effective.
But it must be borne in mind that its reception can cause side effects from the gastrointestinal tract, allergic reactions or headache.
Carbocysteine-based mucolytic syrup Fluofort is prescribed for coughing that occurs with bronchitis and bronchial asthma or tracheitis. It is prohibited for use by children under 16 years of age, pregnant and lactating, as well as with exacerbation of peptic ulcer and hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
Ambrobene syrup is a popular expectorant and mucolytic agent. Syrup contains ambroxol as active active ingredient.
It is used in the treatment of acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract. Ambrobene approved for use for the treatment of children up to a year.
Some diseases are accompanied by a debilitating dry cough, which is not productive and does not contribute to the purification of the bronchi. In this condition, the patient’s appetite and sleep are disturbed, and the general state of health worsens.
In this case, it is necessary to help relieve cough attacks, since this condition may carry a health hazard, especially if a similar symptom occurs in children. For this purpose, protivokashlevogo medicines are prescribed.
Syrups, which are composed of antitussive components, have a direct effect on the cough center, reducing its excitability, and therefore, inhibit cough. Drugs that similarly affect cough are divided into 2 types: central and peripheral actions.
In addition, they are classified into narcotic and non-narcotic.
The expediency of their use is determined only by a doctor on the basis of a diagnosis. Despite their high efficacy, their administration should be carried out with caution, since the drugs in this group have many contraindications and side effects.
For drugs in the form of a syrup, providing antitussive effect include:
Cough preparations based on herbal ingredients
Vegetable cough syrups are considered to be no less effective means in combating this symptom compared to their synthetic counterparts. Therefore, these tools are widely used to treat various types of cough.
But at the same time, most herbal preparations have a weaker effect and therefore they should be used along with other drugs.
Do not forget that the herbal preparations are not able to replace the means of antibacterial and antiviral action, which must be used in inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract. In addition, people prone to allergic manifestations, you need to be careful in the use of drugs with medicinal herbs, because the body can give a reaction to them.
The following is a list of herbal-based cough syrups:
- Suprima Broncho
- Dr. Taisa
- Grandma’s syrup.
Syrup Bels has anti-inflammatory, mucolytic, expectorant and bronchodilator effects. Such a complex effect is achieved due to the unique plant composition – it is almost completely natural.
Basil, turmeric, ginger, licorice and cardamom – this is not a complete list of medicinal herbs included in the composition of this syrup.
It is intended for the treatment of cough in diseases such as laryngitis, bronchitis, tracheitis, pharyngitis, pneumonia, influenza and ARVI. This syrup is not prescribed to children under 3 years of age.
A similar composition and action has a complex herbal drug Suprima Broncho in the form of cough syrup.
Effectively combats the manifestations of wet and dry cough syrup based on Althea root. One of these is Altemics. It belongs to the group of expectorant drugs of direct action.
The active ingredient of the drug is irritating to the cough center and causes increased peristalsis of the bronchioles. This is what causes its expectorant action.
Dr. Theiss is also a good cough syrup, which is suitable for the treatment of children from the age of 1 year. The therapeutic effect is based on the content of plantain extract in syrup.
He is appointed in the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract, which are accompanied by the difficulty of sputum separation.
Its advantage is the minimum list of contraindications and side effects, as well as the possibility of use for nursing women and during pregnancy. This drug without alcohol has a mucolytic and expectorant effect.
Another treatment for cough with a rich herbal composition is Grandma’s Syrup. The initial drug is in the form of a powder that must be diluted to obtain the desired consistency.
It is suitable for the treatment of children from 3 years of age.
The composition includes the following components:
Syrup is effective in whooping cough, bronchial asthma, ENT and bronchopulmonary diseases. Against the background of syrup intake, the process of sputum liquefaction and improvement of its output occurs.
Sugar Free Cough Syrups
Colds and coughs always become an unfavorable factor, but in particular this applies to patients suffering from diabetes. This is due to the fact that they need to pick up drugs that do not have sugar in their composition.
Acceptance of sugar-containing drugs can provoke a sharp drop in glucose in the blood and thereby significantly worsen the patient’s condition. Sugar cough syrup should be selected by a doctor.
For the treatment of cough in diabetics suitable syrups such as Lasolvan, Gadeliks and Linkas.
Lasolvan is one of the frequently used syrups for both children and adults. It contains no alcohol and sugar, and therefore it is suitable for diabetics.
Its active ingredient is Ambroxol, and it has mucolytic and expectorant properties.
Lasolvan – syrup for wet cough. By increasing mucus production, sputum discharge is greatly facilitated. Despite the fact that the composition of the drug is harmless, for persons suffering from diabetes, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage, since its excess can cause side effects.
They clearly appear as a dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract and skin rash.
No less popular is cough syrup for adults and children with ivy. This herbal preparation based on ivy leaf extract has a complex effect, having a mucolytic, expectorant and antispasmodic effect.
It is actively used to treat cough with problems of sputum discharge. Godelix has no serious contraindications and side effects.
As the latter, there may be pain in the stomach or nausea. These symptoms disappear after you stop taking the syrup.
Another drug that can be used to treat cough in people with diabetes is Linkas syrup. It also belongs to the category of herbal remedies.
Along with the mucolytic, it has anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effect.
In addition, it has an overwhelming effect on the cough center and is therefore more often prescribed for dry cough. The components of the drug contribute to the dilution of sputum and facilitate breathing.
Tussamag is an effective cough syrup not containing sugar.
This drug contains thyme extract. It has the following actions:
- improves expectoration
- discharges sputum
- reduces sputum viscosity.
The syrup is intended for the treatment of such diseases as tracheitis, whooping cough, bronchitis, tracheobronchitis. All these diseases of the respiratory tract are accompanied by obstructed sputum discharge.
As a side effect of taking syrup, an allergic reaction may develop.