Cough occurs when the body tries to free itself from a foreign body that has entered the lungs. The most common causes of coughing are various forms of acute respiratory viral infections.
When sputum accumulates in the lungs, the body tries to free itself from it by reacting with a cough reflex, but it is not always easy to remove the mucus from the lungs, so you may need help.
Pertussin is a medicine that has been on the market for decades. Despite the fact that today there are many cough remedies, he successfully competes with them, still proving his effectiveness.
It can be used with both dry and wet cough.
Principle of operation
Pertussin is a combination drug, it contains both natural and synthetic substances. The active ingredients are potassium bromide and thyme herb extract.
The plant component is characterized by expectorant action. Thyme stimulates the production in the upper respiratory tract of a substance that reduces the viscosity of sputum.
Therefore, when coughing, it will move away much easier.
Potassium bromide has a different effect. It affects the nervous system by suppressing the cough reflex.
Therefore, it will help pacify a dry cough that is tearing the throat.
Also, the tool stimulates the activity of cilia of the ciliated epithelium and bronchiole peristalsis, due to which the sputum from the lower parts of the lungs is advanced upward.
Tablets or syrup?
The drug is released in the form of a thick brown syrup. It has a pleasant smell, sweet taste.
100 grams of the mixture contains 12 grams of liquid extract of thyme, 1 g of potassium bromide, as well as sugar syrup and ethyl alcohol.
Pertussin can be taken not only in the form of a syrup, but also in the form of tablets. This is a German drug, but it cannot be regarded as an analogue of the usual means, since the tablets contain only plant extract, but not potassium bromide.
When can it be useful?
The medicine is prescribed as part of a complex treatment for diseases associated with inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract and lungs. It can be taken with:
- cystic fibrosis,
- whooping cough
- bronchial asthma, etc.
The instruction includes a number of contraindications in which the syrup should not be taken:
- hypersensitivity to the composition
- impaired glucose uptake
- low blood pressure
- marked atherosclerosis
- pregnancy and lactation
- decompensated heart failure
- diseases of the liver and kidneys
Children under 3 years old are not prescribed the drug, however, children older than 3 years should also be given it with caution, not forgetting that ethanol is present in the composition. It is also necessary to remember about the content of sucrose to those who suffer from diabetes.
Possible side effects:
- Malfunctions of the digestive system, which can manifest nausea, heartburn.
- As an allergic reaction, itching, urticaria, edema can be observed.
- With a long course of treatment, bromism phenomena that develop with prolonged use of bromides can be recorded. These symptoms include: runny nose, conjunctivitis, the occurrence of bluish acne on the skin, a tendency to depression and general weakness, anorexia, decreased libido, movement disorder.
How to use?
Mixture drink three times a day. It is recommended to do this after a meal, as taking before a meal can adversely affect the state of appetite.
Course duration is 10-14 days. You can not make an independent decision on the re-course.
Care should be taken drug people who drive a car, or those whose professional activity requires speed and clarity of reactions.
The use of the drug in children under 3 years is not recommended because of the content in the composition of bromide. Children under 2 years old can only be prescribed Pertussin by a doctor after an examination.
The maximum dose is 0.5 tsp 3 times a day. In the treatment of children under one year the drug is not used.
Thanks to many years of experience of use, a sufficient amount of feedback has accumulated to evaluate the effect of the drug. Both specialists and patients say that its mild effect is combined with the high efficiency of treatment for dry and wet cough.
Thanks to the sweet taste of the syrup, children take it with pleasure. Another positive point is its price.
It ranges from 16 to 36 rubles.