Nasal flushing is one of the most affordable and effective ways of dealing with rhino-diseases. The procedure is aimed at cleansing the mucous from dust and allergens, removing pathogenic germs from its surface, along with the secret. At the same time, the functioning of cilia of the ciliated epithelium is restored, inflammation and edema are eliminated, blood circulation is improved and the mucous membrane’s protective reaction increases.
But before you start washing, you need to learn about the rules of the procedure, so as not to harm yourself and your loved ones.
Indications for washing
The nasal cavity of a healthy person is covered with a thin layer of the epithelium, which normally produces some amount of secretion necessary to moisturize and protect the mucosa from all sorts of pathogenic microorganisms. Now imagine how much dust, soot and pathogens accumulate in the sinuses by the end of the day.
Add to this the daily decay products of epithelial cells, and it will become clear that cleansing the nose is not a tribute to fashion, but a necessity.
In addition, the procedure will help prevent ENT diseases during epidemics and reduce the risk of complications of existing ailments. If the pathogen has already settled in the tissues of the nasopharynx, irrigation will remove the pathogen secretion and pus, relieve inflammation and eliminate puffiness.
Purification of the mucous is shown in the following ENT pathologies:
- sinusitis (sinusitis)
- rhinitis (allergic, acute, chronic, vasomotor, medical, atrophic)
- tonsillitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis
- growth of adenoids
- ozena (fetid cold)
- all sorts of illnesses of the respiratory system (bronchitis, tracheitis).
In addition to pathological conditions, washing has a good therapeutic effect for headaches, chronic fatigue, nervous exhaustion, depression, reduced vision.
So, how to wash your nose? There are many medicines that can get rid of the problem.
It can be both home-made solutions, and drugs purchased at a pharmacy. What exactly to choose – you decide, well, we briefly tell you about the most popular and effective.
Self prepared solutions
To prepare the solution for washing the nose can be at home. To do this, fit the tools that are in each kitchen. Water for procedures is better to use boiled.
If there is none, you should take the bottle or run ordinary water through a cleaning system, for example, Aquaphor.
Most often for the preparation of solutions used:
- soda. The composition is prepared from ½ teaspoon of funds and a glass of warm water
- propolis For the treatment of the nose, 10 ml of propolis tincture is mixed with salt and dissolved in 250 ml of liquid.
- cooking and sea salt. Means well disinfect the mucous and relieve swelling. Per liter of water take 10 or 20 grams of salt (depending on which solution is prepared), mix thoroughly and filter before use.
- iodine, salt and soda. Water for rinsing the nose on the basis of these substances has a strong antiseptic, mucolytic and drying properties. Therefore, it is often undesirable to use such a drug.
The therapeutic solution can be made on the basis of medicinal herbs by adding 2-4 drops of iodine to a glass of broth.
Among the means of alternative medicine, there are many recipes for washing the nose. They are not only effective, but also relatively harmless, therefore they are often used in the treatment of children and pregnant women.
Medicinal herbs well liquefy and evacuate pathogen secretions, have anti-inflammatory and healing effects.
Solutions for irrigation of the mucous are prepared on the basis of vegetable components:
Rinse for a nose do from 1 tablespoon of a dry grass and a glass of boiled water. Mixture insist in a sealed container, filtered and used for its intended purpose. The solution may consist of one ingredient as well as the collection of herbs.
Such a recipe helps a lot with a weak congestion and at the beginning of the disease.
And how to wash your nose from a cold in the advanced cases, when the illness has passed into the chronic phase? In such forms of pathology, irrigation of beet juice with honey helps well.
The mixture is diluted with water to a comfortable concentration and used for treatment.
For severe irritation of the nasal mucosa, when even a decoction of medicinal herbs causes tingling, representatives of alternative medicine recommend using milk for the procedures – whole or diluted with water.
If rhinitis acquires a purulent character and the paranasal sinuses are drawn into the inflammatory process, then home remedies can no longer be done. Pharmacies for this case can offer a choice of many drugs that can wash the nose at home:
- Furacilin. For procedures apply 0.02% solution.
- Protargol. The drug is based on silver. For the antiseptic effect, a few drops per cup of water is enough.
- Miramistin. A drug with a complex action, completely hypoallergenic, therefore ideal for the treatment of patients prone to allergies.
- Hydrogen peroxide. Doctors warn against frequent use of this medication, as it quickly dries out the nasal mucosa.
- Chlorophyllipt. Natural medicinal product based on extracts from eucalyptus leaves. It has a pronounced antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect.
In addition to the considered drugs, Malavit, Rotokan, Elecasol are prescribed for nasal flushing. All of them are vegetable based and relatively harmless, but can cause allergies.
Separately, it should be mentioned isotonic and hypertonic solutions based on seawater. This group includes:
- Aqualore product line
- Morenazal and others.
All the considered drugs are different from home broader composition and better efficiency.
Nose rinsing devices
Fans of Eastern medicine for the procedure can purchase a special teapot with a long narrow nose, the so-called neti-sweat. This is a very convenient device designed specifically for such manipulations.
The otolaryngologists recommend nasal washing with the help of pharmaceutical devices sold separately or together with preparations based on sea water. The most simple and convenient for home use: Dolphin, Aquamaris, Aqualor or a special Rinolife device.
They are not expensive and easy to use.
What to choose for the procedure is up to you. If you cannot clean the nasal cavities by yourself, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
A specialist will tell in detail and show you how to flush your nose at home.
Varieties of procedure
Independent event implies knowledge of all the details of the treatment. This will help to choose the most convenient and comfortable method of therapy.
The procedure involves spraying the medicinal substance in the nasal cavity. This is the softest and most gentle type of washing. Suitable for patients with irritated or damaged mucous membranes.
The method also allows you to process the maxillary sinuses of the nose at home.
Washing with a kettle or syringe
This is the most popular treatment method. Such a rinsing of the nose with a cold is ideal for home conditions. In another way, this method is called “from nostrils to nostrils”.
The procedure is carried out over the sink, head tilted to the side and mouth slightly open. In this case, the solution is poured into one nostril and freely flows from the other.
During washing, you should remember the safety rules, otherwise the penetration of fluid into the ear and the development of otitis media is possible.
This method is also called nasal washing with a Proetz. The treatment is carried out in a doctor’s office under the supervision of a doctor.
It is not possible to perform the procedure on your own as the removal of nasal secretions with an aspirator is required.
The procedure is well combined with physiotherapy treatment and gives tangible results, eliminating the symptoms of inflammation and improving the well-being of the patient.
Another method of therapeutic effects. Most often prescribed by pediatricians to children who still do not know how to blow their nose.
Baby with a pipette or syringe is poured into the nostrils of the drug solution and sucked off with a pear or aspirator. Parents are very important to learn how to properly flush the nose of the child, so as not to injure the mucous membrane and not to provoke otitis.
In addition to the considered, there are other methods of washing. For example, “from nose to mouth” or by sucking in the solution with the nose.
The last option is the easiest, but also the least effective of all the above.
How to clean your nose properly
In order for the procedure to be successful and bring maximum benefit, you must follow some rules:
- the cooked liquid must be pleasantly warm
- head should be tilted slightly to the side, but not too much. It is not advisable to put it on your shoulder.
- during treatment, the nose must breathe, otherwise there will be no sense from the event. Before rinsing, it is recommended to drip vasoconstrictor drugs and after 5–10 minutes to begin manipulations
- After the procedure, you should carefully blow your nose.
For some time after rinsing, the discharge of fluid from the nasal cavities is possible. It’s not scary, but it is better to insure and treat for an hour and a half before going out.
How often can you flush your nose? It all depends on the purpose of the procedure. For severe runny nose and nasal congestion, treatment is carried out 3-4 times a day during all days of the disease.
For the prevention of sufficient one-time irrigation after returning from the street. For hygienic purposes, the event is held in the morning.
Sometimes patients complain that after washing their nose they have a headache. In this case, the procedure is better to stop and consult a doctor for advice.
Recently, pediatricians often prescribe a similar procedure to their young patients. Its implementation in children of primary and school age is no different from the treatment of adults.
So that the child is not afraid, it is necessary to explain in advance what will happen.
It is easily clogged with mucus, and at the slightest nasal obstruction, babies do not eat well and do not gain weight. Aspiration should be carried out with extreme caution.
High intensity of movement can provoke complications and aggravate the condition.
What is the best to wash your nose when you have a cold in young children? There are several drugs for this:
- Otrivin Baby
- Aqualore Baby
- Aqua Maris Baby
- RinoStop Aqua Baby.
Most of these preparations are equipped with a professional aspirator, with which they suck out liquid mucus. All detachable parts are easy to disinfect and boil when necessary.
How many times a day do washing the nose to the child? The number of procedures in most cases is the same as in adults, unless the doctor has given other recommendations.
The first few days of the disease treatment is carried out more often, gradually reducing the intensity of therapy.
Rinse the nose at home is not difficult at all, but the procedure is not always possible due to a number of contraindications:
- ear disease (otitis)
- curvature of the nasal wall
- oncology in the nasal cavity
- tendency to nasal bleeding.
If any deterioration of health after the procedure should consult with your doctor. There may be pathologies that the patient does not even suspect.
Cleansing the nasal cavity for otolaryngological ailments of any nature is the main method of therapy. It is important to choose the most suitable option for the patient and carry out the procedures correctly and on time, then the success of the treatment will be guaranteed.