Viruses and bacteria, penetrating into the throat, linger on the tonsils, which are a natural barrier to pathogenic microflora. If the immune system is unable to resist viruses and microorganisms, then they lead to sore throat, pharyngitis or laryngitis.
If you immediately start rinsing with antiseptic solutions when an unpleasant sensation occurs in the throat, you can remove the accumulation of bacteria and prevent the development of the disease. One of the most effective antiseptics is Rotokan.
Rotokan is used for rinsing the throat when coughing, and when it is cold, they rinse the nose with a solution based on it.
How does Rotokan
Rotokan is a herbal-based combination medicine that has a local effect. Medication is taken if there is inflammation of the oral cavity or the gastrointestinal tract.
The composition of this phytotherapy includes:
- Calendula flowers. They have a bactericidal effect, destroy staphylococci and streptococci, which provoke disorders in mucosal tissues. That is why it is widely used for the treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases. In addition, the anesthetics and wound healing effects of this plant are observed.
- Chamomile flowers. The plant stops inflammation and reduces tissue swelling. It also has an anesthetic effect, since essential oils and organic acids are present in the flowers. Chamomile is also used in medicine for its disinfecting and sedative properties.
- yarrow grass. It helps to improve the blood supply in the tissues, which leads to the normalization of intracellular processes and reduce inflammation. In addition, due to the tannins and essential oils contained in the grass, it accelerates tissue regeneration, has bactericidal and anti-allergic properties.
- ethanol. It is in the Rotokan at least 33%. It has antiseptic properties, acts as a solvent and preservative. It allows you to retain and preserve the beneficial substances contained in vegetable raw materials.
The drug is produced in glass bottles of 25 to 110 ml. The extract is dark brown in color with a pronounced smell of herbs.
During storage, precipitate may fall out, it does not affect the therapeutic properties of the drug.
When used rotokan
When rinsing, the drug acts locally, that is, it kills bacteria and relieves inflammation only in those tissues with which it contacts. Therefore, it is prescribed for any diseases that are accompanied by the following symptoms:
- pain and redness of the throat
- pain when swallowing
- feeling of dryness and rawness in the throat.
Rotokan is prescribed if the following pathologies in the nasopharynx:
- stomatitis, periodontitis
- sore throat, regardless of etiology (medication is prescribed as part of combination therapy)
- acute respiratory infections (flu, ARVI)
In gastroenterology, Rotokan is prescribed in complex therapy for the treatment of gastroduodenitis, chronic enteritis and chronic colitis. Even if the respiratory disease is triggered by a virus, the bacterial microflora is rapidly multiplying in the body, since the immune system is unable to suppress it.
Bacteria enter the upper respiratory tract from the outside, as well as microorganisms, which are considered conditionally pathogenic, begin to multiply in a favorable environment. As a rule, complications of diseases are provoked by a bacterial infection.
So, secondary pneumonia, which is often caused by Staphylococcus aureus, is a complication of the flu. Taking Rotokan, which has a bactericidal effect, a person helps the immune system to cope with pathogenic microorganisms.
How to apply Rotokan
Before using the bottle with the extract should be shaken to dissolve the precipitated precipitate. It is necessary to prepare rinsing liquid before the procedure and use the resulting solution in one session.
To prepare an aqueous solution, it is necessary to pour one teaspoon of the extract into one glass of boiled water (warm enough to rinse and not hot, so as not to evaporate esters and oils).
If the drug is not taken for the first time and did not cause any side effects, the dosage of the agent can be increased to 3 spoons. This solution can be used for applications, inhalations, rinsing the mouth or washing the nose with a cold.
How to gargle with rotokan? Rinsing with one portion of the solution lasts 1–2 minutes (they took a liquid in their mouth, tilted their heads a little, rinsed their throats for 1–2 minutes, then took a second sip and so on until all the liquid had run out).
Treatment of the mucous is required to do 2-3 times a day for 2-5 days.
In gastroenterology, Rotokan is ingested. The solution is prepared in the same way as for rinsing the mouth (for 1 cup of water 1 teaspoon of extract).
On the day you need to drink 1.5-2 glasses of solution. It is recommended to drink it half an hour before meals or one hour after meals.
The duration of treatment is 2-3 weeks.
For inhalation through the nebulizer will be enough half a teaspoon of extract per 100 ml of liquid. The drug is used in the treatment of tonsillitis, pharyngitis, and laryngitis.
For dilution of the drug, you can use saline or mineral water.
According to reviews, this procedure is very effective, as it quickly improves the state of health with purulent or catarrhal angina, moisturizes cough, helps to eliminate sputum.
Contraindications to medication
In the instructions for use of the drug as a side effect only allergic reactions are indicated. Despite the fact that the drug is based on plants, there are still contraindications to it, which is caused by the presence of alcohol and plants with a pronounced effect.
According to the instructions for use the drug is not recommended:
- with individual intolerance to the components of the drug
- with kidney and liver dysfunction
- alcohol addicts
- persons under the age of eighteen
- women during pregnancy and lactation.
The dose of the solution, which is the maximum allowable for daily use (at a dilution of 1 scoop per glass of water) contains 3.2 grams of pure ethyl alcohol. If for the preparation of the solution, 3 tablespoons of the product were added to a glass of water, then, within a day, 9.5 grams of ethanol will be taken into the body when taken orally.
Calendula (and she is a member of Rotokan) is forbidden to take orally during pregnancy, as it can cause a miscarriage. Therefore, it is possible to take medicine for gargling only with the permission of the attending physician.
Can children gargle with rotokan
Despite the fact that the instruction prohibits the use of Rotokan for treating children, some doctors still prescribe it, considering that the dose of alcohol that the body receives is so small that it cannot be compared with the benefits that the medicine brings. For children, it is recommended to add half a teaspoon to a glass of water and make sure that they do not swallow the drug.
On the one hand, 3.2 grams of ethyl alcohol is a couple of drops that will enter the body if you drink it, but you cannot know how the child’s nervous and digestive system will react to such a small dosage.
When rinsing the mouth, alcohol enters the bloodstream faster and in larger quantities than when it immediately enters the stomach and begins to digest. And to achieve a therapeutic effect, rinsing your mouth takes 2-3 times a day.
Therefore, after the first application of the solution, it is still recommended to observe the condition of the child and his behavior.
Rotokan effectively fights inflammation and destroys pathogenic microflora, it helps with beginning cough and runny nose, however, if the disease has already developed, then he will not be able to cope on his own. Therefore, in addition to it, other stronger drugs are prescribed, for example, antibacterial agents or antivirals.
Rotokan is very popular because it acts gently, has no side effects, is easy to prepare and is available in every pharmacy at an affordable price.